Using carbon nanospheres to reduce decoherence in quantum computing systems
While modern computers have revolutionized scientific research, their bits can only have values of 1 or 0, leaving them incapable of solving problems involving guessing potential answers and checking them. Conversely, quantum computers utilize qubits that can have values of any superposition of 1 and 0 and can therefore perform multiple calculations simultaneously. However, quantum particles are susceptible to environmental interference, which causes errors. It has been shown that by utilizing carbon nanospheres with electron spin lifetimes longer than 100 nanoseconds, such interference could be eliminated (“Carbon nanospheres”, 2016). To find such carbon nanospheres, an experiment could be carried out in which nanospheres are synthesized from various molecules and their electron spin lifetimes measured. If carbon nanospheres with a sufficiently long electron spin lifetime are found, they could be used to make qubits with spin states stable enough to perform calculations without being corrupted by external interference.